The Jewish Context and Goals
- "Finish the transgression"
- "Make an end of sin"
- "Make atonement for iniquity"
- "Bring in everlasting righteousness"
- "Seal up vision and prophecy"
- "Anoint the most holy place"
The Starting Point
- 538 B.C. — Cyrus, King of Persia, issued a decree to Zerubbabel to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-3; and Ezra 6:1-5).
- 457 B.C. — Artaxerxes, King of Persia, issued a decree to Ezra authorizing him to reinstitute the Temple services, appoint judges and magistrates, and teach the Law (Ezra 7:11-26).
- 445 B.C. — Artaxerxes issued a decree to Nehemiah to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 2:1-8).
The Events of the 70 Weeks of Years
The Prophetic Year Problem
The Terminus Problem
An Alternative Viewpoint
The Relationship of the Resurrection
"According to Barnes and several other trustworthy Bible commentators, the historian Prideaux declared Nehemiah's last action in rebuilding the city occurred in the 15th year of the Persian ruler Darius Nothus (423-404 B.C.). His 15th year was the 49th year from the 457 B.C. decree. Josephus seems to support this idea in his remarks about the death of Nehemiah."